Assesment and Treatment of Dyslexia – An Overview

Evelin Witruk
University of Leipzig, Institute of Psychology


This article will overview the current state-of-the-art of the different methods of assessment and treatment of dyslexia. On the basis of the modification and extension of the multilevel model of Valtin (1989, modified by Witruk, 1993) the methods were discussed regarding their main aims. Assessment and treatment methods were described regarding the primary causes (biological risk factors), secondary causes (partial performance deficits), primary symptoms (reading and writing failures) and regarding the secondary symptoms (emotional and behavioural disorders). Alternative methods are discussed.

Key words: Multilevel model of dyslexia, magnocellular deficit, partial performance deficit, working memory, complex training programme, alternative methods, Positive Psychology.

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