Children’s Errors in the Perception of Casual Conversation

Dzintra Bonda
Ohio University, USA



Slips of the ear or misperceptions occur when what a listener hears does not correspond to what a speaker has said. Adult misperceptions have provided information about the ways listeners use linguistic knowledge in understanding spoken language.

The goal of the investigation is to examine children’s slips of the ear, as a source of information about perception when knowledge of language is still developing. Lasīt vairāk "Children’s Errors in the Perception of Casual Conversation"

Grammatical Functions of Verbs in Child Language

Baiba Ivulāne
Riga Teacher Training and Educational Management Academy, University of Latvia, Latvia


The article explores the division of grammatical functions of verbs that, according to the author, is the most suitable for the general Latvian language system and illustrates this division with practical examples of language use. Respectively, all verbs are divided into two groups according to their grammatical functions – independent verbs and auxiliary verbs. All groups of verbs used with an auxiliary meaning are explored – auxiliary verbs, copulas and modal verbs. This division of verbs is based on the grammaticalization of the verbs, since, formerly, verbs, now used in auxiliary sense, were used in a substantive meaning and only gradually acquired their auxiliary meaning. Lasīt vairāk "Grammatical Functions of Verbs in Child Language"