Perception of Fiction for the Development of Personal Meaning at Senior Preschool Age

Daina Lieģeniece, Inese Freiberga
Liepāja University, Riga Teacher Training and Educational Management Academy

 

Abstract

Fiction encourages the development of a personality if children have grasped the author’s idea and the value system on the level of personal meaning. The article presents a theoretical model for encouraging the development of personal meaning related to fiction at preschool age. It is based on conclusions from the areas of phenomenology, hermeneutics, social genetics, social constructivism and art pedagogy as well as studies in cognitive psychology – research in the “theories of mind” about understanding other individuals’ mental states at preschool age. The structure of the model is composed of successive stages requiring an interactive introduction of a piece of fiction in a situation topical for children, with the participation of their peers and the teacher. In discussion after the perception of a piece of fiction various experiences meet, associations form, analogies in one’s own experiences and those of others are discovered. The processing
of the perceived data continues in productive children’s activities and they become personified in narrative interconnections: in children’s stories about a piece of fiction.

The aim of the study is to create a theoretic model for the development of personal meaning in the perception of a fairy tale and prove its productivity by revealing the manifestation of the criteria related to personal meaning in children’s stories determining their levels. The study described in the article has been carried out in two stages: the aim of Stage 1 is to create a model for the development of personal meanings in perceiving fairy tales; the aim of Stage 2 is to investigate the productivity of the model for the development of personal meanings and work out criteria for the manifestation of personal meanings in children’s stories generalizing them in levels of personal meaning development. Lasīt vairāk "Perception of Fiction for the Development of Personal Meaning at Senior Preschool Age"